Stinging Insects

Common types of stinging insects in South Carolina

Stinging insects are beneficial when nesting out in nature away from people and their homes. They are responsible for pollination and predatory species help to keep nuisance insect populations down. But, when stinging insects build their nests close to our homes or even inside our homes, they can become quite dangerous.
 
There are many different species of stinging insects that can be found living in and around homes in Lexington, Columbia, and Midland of South Carolina. Some helpful information about the most common species of stinging insects in South Carolina as well as some professional stinging insect prevention tips are listed below.

Carpenter Bees

carpenter bee drilling a hole in a tree branch to make a nest

Carpenter bees are large in size. Their large size often causes these black and yellow bees to be mistaken for bumble bees because of their similar appearance. However, carpenter bees have smooth, shiny, black abdomen, unlike bumble bees whose abdomens are fuzzy and yellow.
 
Carpenter bees are a solitary species. The females create their individual nest by drilling a hole the diameter of her body and tunneling inside older or untreated pieces of wood. They are commonly found nesting in wooden decks, fence rails, wooden trim and furniture, overhangs, and window sills.
 
Females are equipped with a stinger but are very docile and rarely sting. Luckily, the males have no stingers. This is a fortunate circumstance as males are much more aggressive and would be more likely to sting if able.

Yellow Jackets

yellow jacket resting on a flower bulb in the garden of a lexington home

Yellow jackets are a predatory species of stinging insect that feed on a variety of other insects including flies, caterpillars, and grubs. Adult yellow jackets have a segmented, hairless body with a distinct, thin waist. Their wings are elongated and, when at rest, fold laterally against their body.
 
Yellow jackets have faces and heads that are a color-blend of black and yellow, while their bodies have a well-defined yellow and black striped pattern. Yellow jackets are typically ground nesters, though some will build above-ground nests on houses and buildings, or in bushes and trees with low-hanging limbs.

Mud Daubers

mud dauber resting on a leaf in the yard of a richland area business

Adult mud daubers are a large species of stinging insect. Adults can grow to between 1 ½ and 2 inches in length. They have a narrow waist, with a thread-like segment connecting the thorax and abdomen. These solitary stinging insects create their nests out of mud and other natural materials. Mud daubers range in color from black to metallic blue, depending on the exact species, and they may or may not have yellow or green colored markings.

Hornets

hornet resting on a peice of vegetation outside a local home

Hornets are known for being extremely aggressive and unhesitatingly attacking any perceived threat, whether to an individual or to their entire nest.
 
European hornets are the only true species of hornet found living in the United States. They have long, strong bodies that are brown in color with yellow abdominal stripes and their faces are pale in color.
 
Adults grow to between ¾ and 1 ½ inches in length. They prefer to create their nests inside cavities found in wall voids, attics, hollow trees, or in between rocks.

Are stinging insects dangerous?

Caution should be taken around stinging insects. If stung, their venom can be strong enough to cause serious health concerns for humans. Whether the species is aggressive or docile, stings are possible whenever they feel threatened or if they feel that their nests are in danger.
 
Their stings are not only painful, usually leaving behind a large red welt, but they can also trigger a severe allergic reaction that can lead to anaphylaxis in some people. When this happens, immediate medical attention is often required.
 
In addition to health risks, some species such as the carpenter bee can cause structural damage to homes and other buildings. Not only do the nests themselves cause structural damage, the nests that females create attract woodpeckers who love to dine on carpenter bee larvae. To reach the larvae, the woodpeckers drill into the wood near the nest opening, creating even more damage to the wood where the carpenter bee nest is located.

What attracts stinging insects to a property?

Like most other pests, stinging insects are attracted to properties that offer them their three basic needs of food, water, and shelter. Here are a few things you can do to protect your property from stinging insects and the damage they can do:

  • Many stinging insects feed on plant nectar; plant flowers away from the outside of your home.

  • Maintain your property by removing excess debris regularly, frequently mowing your lawn, and removing overgrown landscaping and vegetation as soon as possible.

  • Paint, stain, or otherwise treat the wood on your property as this will help deter the nesting activity of carpenter bees.

  • Some species of stinging insects are attracted to sweet drinks, meats, and other food items; clean up immediately after eating outside or hosting an outdoor gathering to deter stinging insects from advancing onto your property.

How do you get rid of stinging insects from your property?

To remove a problematic stinging insect nest from your property in the safest manner possible, contact a professional pest control company for home pest control services. The Original Bugman Pest Elimination, Inc. offers highly-effective stinging insect control services in Lexington, Columbia and the Midlands of South Carolina.
 
Our professionals possess the experience and knowledge needed to eliminate these potentially dangerous pests from your yard. To learn more about our stinging insect control services, reach out to us today and speak with one of our friendly and knowledgeable professionals!

How do you prevent stinging insects?

It can be very difficult to keep stinging insects from nesting on your property. The following tips can help to lessen your family's contact with these potentially dangerous pests:

  •  Make sure that all chimneys have tight-fitting covers on them.

  • Caulk any holes found in the exterior of your home and fill in any spaces found around utility lines and pipes entering your home through its exterior.

  • Stain or paint wood surfaces to deter carpenter bees from drilling holes and nesting inside.

  • Make sure all outdoor trash cans have tight-fitting lids on them to prevent stinging insects from foraging for food inside them.

  • Clean up all leftover food and drinks after eating outside.

  • Remove old dead or fallen trees and trees stumps from your property, as they could be used as nesting sites for stinging insects.

  • Plant flowers and flowering vegetation on your property away from your home.

 
 

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